Automotive Locksmiths Dont Panic! If You Lost The Car Keys

Summary: When the security is the concern, then the locks should be given much importance. Locks are easy and effective way in order to avoid the burglary and theft. It is therefore; More »


Correct Use Of Wool Polishing Compounding Pads

Are used to cut or level a paint film surface with an abrasive machine polish (or compound) or to apply a polish to large surface areas. Aggressively removes 1500 – 2000 grit More »


Car Dealerships in the Strangest Places

It’s common these days for car dealerships to be located next to many other similar businesses in “auto rows” or “auto malls.” The economic theory of agglomeration gives credence to this practice, More »


4 Driving Tips for Young Drivers on the Road

Driving is a skill that one has to adopt in the best way possible as it involves oneself taking their car on a road full of other vehicles. Improper driving skills would More »


GM is the Top Automotive Innovator

GM isn’t the only automotive manufacturer out there creating new automotive innovations. But what many people may not know is that GM is the best automotive innovator! According to the U.S. Patent More »

Automotive Locksmiths Dont Panic! If You Lost The Car Keys



When the security is the concern, then the locks should be given much importance. Locks are easy and effective way in order to avoid the burglary and theft. It is therefore; important that the locks should be obtained from some reliable and good source so that the house and automobile safety wouldnt be at risk.

Article Body:

It is better to understand first that who are automotive locksmiths and what are their peculiarities. Like other types of locksmiths, automotive locksmiths serve the people by providing them the keys of the locks and repair the defected locks of the car or any automobile. This is the most precious service since by virtue of that, people would find relief when they got tense in the environment of insecurity. People are still unaware about the various capabilities and abilities of automotive locksmiths that besides making the new keys, they can perform a lot of jobs.

Many of the incidences could happen in the life of a man when he would need immediate help. For instance; leaving the keys in the car may raise high concerns for security. A person cant leave his car in order to perform his work, since there could be more chances of stealing. Sometimes, by mistake a person leaves his car without carrying his kids with him. At these instances, the automotive locksmith would come promptly in order to resolve the issue.

People can even call to the dealers and manufacturers of the automobiles when they loss the car keys, however; in this way they have to pay more, even two to three times, as compared to the charges taken by automotive locksmiths. Another benefit of asking the services of automotive locksmiths is that they serve quick service and they remain available 24 hours a day. On the other hand the problem in calling the manufacturers is that they couldnt come as earlier as compared to the automotive locksmiths in order to repair the locks and keys.

The automotive locksmiths are provided with specialized and complex instruments with which it is not difficult for them to open the locked doors within minutes. They can make the car keys again and can install the new locks in the automobiles. These vehicle locksmiths are furnished with specialized maps for their effective and quick movement inside the city and the drivers are also well trained to reach at the destiny without wasting time.

The services of vehicle locksmith are also important and precious for those people who have little kids and who dont know how to open or close the car doors. Sometimes they close the doors and get locked inside with the car keys. At that moment in order to avoid any medical emergency, the opening of the car door is much important. Every person couldnt be expert in opening the car doors without the keys and hence at that moment the vehicle locksmiths could furnish marvelous service by opening the locked doors without the car keys.

If anybody desires to get the valuable services of automotive locksmiths of Las Vegas then he should know the real contact details.

Correct Use Of Wool Polishing Compounding Pads


Are used to cut or level a paint film surface with an abrasive machine polish (or compound) or to apply a polish to large surface areas. Aggressively removes 1500 – 2000 grit scratches, but will leave hazing, use a foam pad and a finishing polish to eliminate. Wool pads are made from various mixtures of wool and other materials (natural wool, foam and wool, blended wool and synthetic wool) Like foam a wool pads abrasive ability is closely tied to its composition i.e. generally the softer the wool the less aggressive the cut

Paint Removed by Polishing

Using a medium abrasive polish and a rotary polisher will remove approximately 0. 1 Mil (3 (Microns)) from the paint surface (typically 4 passes at 1500-1800 RPM) but there are many variables such as polish/compound and speed / pressure used that may affect the paint removed) There comes a point when you must judge wither removing a scratch will compromise the clear coat and if so youll have to live with the imperfection.

If you have reservations about the amount of paint surface removed or the amount of paint coating remaining the use of a paint thickness gauge (PTG) is arbitrary

These numbers are offered as a guide only, as there are too many variables to provide any more than an approximation.

Wool pad compositions

Manufacturers control a pad’s aggressiveness by increasing or decreasing the nap height. As you shorten the length from a 1.5  inch, down to a 1- inch nap, the pad becomes much more aggressive because the individual wool strands are able to stand on end more readily. This creates a scrubbing action whereas the 1-1/2 inch strands lay down almost immediately when used.

Natural wool is most aggressive – 50/50 wool/acrylic blends intermediate – lambs wool the least aggressive Always use the least aggressive product first, evaluate the surface, then only if necessary `step-up’ to a more abrasive product and / or pad.

Natural wool

Leaves clear coat finishes with less haze and swirls than conventional polishing pads, fibres can be compressed and still recover their natural shape, less shedding, as they are manufactured with more fibres per square inch than synthetic wool pads. A denser pile surface distributes and applies material evenly and consistently, natural fibres are tapered with no splattering of applied materials and less scratch marks.

Micro Mesh TufBuf Polishing Pads

Black Lambs wool polishing pads are designed to repair clear-coat finishes, made from natural lambs wool, durable, well-balanced and effective that major automotive manufacturers use them, leaves clear-coat finishes with less haze and swirl than conventional foam or wool polishing pads.

The dense 0.75  inch nap material has 60,000 fibres per square inch versus 13,000 per square inch for synthetic pads, this nap surface distributes and applies material evenly and consistently. This very soft 100% lambs wool pad can be used for final (finesse) polishing as its even softer the LC CCS
Gold Ultra soft foam

Foam and wool

These pads are a compromise with the safety of foam and the polishing ability of natural wool; a patented process encapsulates the base of the lambs wool fibres with microscopic polyurethane foam particles. Cuts like natural sheepskin but finishes like a foam pad, the foamed fibres resist matting and compression. The foaming process also creates minute air pockets at the base of the fibres, which improves cushioning and retention of compounds and polishes.

Purple Foamed Wool Pad

Foamed Wool is a patented process that places a bottom cushion of microscopic polymer foam particles under a top layer of lambs wool fibres. Lake Country Mfg. developed these pads for high production, OEM/Industrial users. Aggressively removes 1500 grit scratches, leaving a lustrous finish with no hazing by reducing compounding swirls while retaining a high gloss Patented process encapsulates the base of the lambs wool fibres with microscopic polythene foam particles. Cuts like natural sheepskin but finishes like a foam pad. Foamed fibres resist caking and matting, foaming process also creates minute air pockets at the base of the fibres, which improves cushioning and retention of compounds and polishes.

Note- not recommended for random orbital machines (Porter Cable 7424, etc)

Blended wool

A mix of wool and synthetic materials, this could be wool and yarn for cutting, wool and polyester for polishing, the more synthetic material content the more abrasive the pad.

Synthetic wool

This material produces heat very rapidly, so be very careful with these pads as they can quickly cause damage to a paint surface and can cause major surface marring a four-ply twisted synthetic wool pad can destroy a clear coat in a very short time.

4 Ply 100% Twisted Wool

Each strand of high grade wool fibre is tightly twisted, allowing our pad to stay at a consistent level of aggression for longer periods of operation. Choose 3 inch, 4inch, and 5inch diameters with a 1/2inch or 3/4inch pile height.

Choose shorter pile for your most aggressive compounding and longer pile for aggressive compounding with greater durability.

50/50 Wool Acrylic

A unique fibre combination for light compounding comprised of 50% 4 ply twisted wool and 50% single strand wool/acrylic blend. Allows the operator to accomplish a range of light compounding to heavier polishing tasks depending on the compound or polish used.

Electrified White Sheepskin

The electrification process removes the microscopic barbs from the hairs in the wool resulting in a soft and effective compounding material that does not scratch the painted surface. Choose 3 inch, 4inch, and 5inch diameters with a 1/2inch or 3/4inch pile height.

Wool Pros & Cons

Pro -faster cutting generates less heat and therefore leaves the surface cooler, removes heavy oxidation much more efficiently than a form pad. Wool pads are easier to control compared to foam. They glide as the wool nap lies down and will conform to vehicle body shape easily. Make certain to spur the wool fibres when it loads up with product.

Con -wool can leave micro marring (buffer trails) finish with a foam pad to remove. Dont overwork the polish as wool will break diminishing abrasives faster than foam, the surface lubricants will dry up faster and you could end up dry buffing unless youre careful.

General notes

1.Cut with wool pads; (foam produces the most surface friction heat) and finish with foam pads, the fibres of the wool pad leave a very fine micro marring on the paint surface.
2.Speed, the general rule is; limit speed on wool pads to 1500 RPM The bigger the pad the faster the cut, the coarser the compound, the faster the cut, the more aggressive the pad, the faster the cut Wool cuts faster than lambs wool, foamed wool is next and then foam. You pay the price for polishing too fast with swirl marks caused by the compound and pad combination.
3.Compared to foam; wool pads have a larger available cutting surface area per square inch, which is due to the structure of the individual wool fibres compared to that of foam, allowing faster cutting action with less friction heat, utilizing less downward pressure
4.The application of water – is not needed to supplement surface lubrication, but it helps to free the abrasive from sticking to the wool fibres. It also helps the pad to conform to surface contours more easily, effectively increasing the surface-area. Note- it may increase the abrasive abilities of the pad.

Urethane Backing Plates

Used by BMW, Mercedes and other European automakers in their assembly plants.

Advantages of Flexible, Urethane Backing Plates

The Velcro brand fastening material is moulded into the plate eliminating delaminating.
The flexible edge reduces spontaneous heat build-up when transitioning from flat to contoured surfaces. These plates are recommended for compounding, polishing and finishing “soft” German clear coats.
Vastly reduced heat transfer keeps motor heat from being transferred to the paint surface.
Plated steel threaded insert will not cross-thread.
Reinforced inner construction uses steel struts moulded into the centre hub for superior strength.
Bevelled outer edge allows easy pad removal and replacement.
5/8  inch x 11 female thread is for US/CA rotary fitting.
UK/EU is M14

Lake County (LC) – 43-125WH Grip Easy Moulded Urethane (5/8″ x 11) 4 7/8″ (125mm)

3M Perfect-it III Rotary Backing Plate – 125mm two different female thread sizes; M14 EU (09552) for use with threaded rotary polishers – Makita 9227CB and Metabo PE12-175) and a 5/8  inch for US / CA (09553) made from an impact resistant synthetic nylon plate bonded to a 25mm thick layer of dense cellular foam. The highly flexible design allows for very easy transitioning from flat to contoured surfaces and the hook and loop backing material enables quick and easy pad changes.

Always use the recommended size backing plate for the sized pad you are using. Never use a backing plate that is larger than the foam pad or disc.

Car Dealerships in the Strangest Places


It’s common these days for car dealerships to be located next to many other similar businesses in “auto rows” or “auto malls.” The economic theory of agglomeration gives credence to this practice, based on the logic that a rising tide raises all ships, all businesses benefit from a single destination for vehicle buying that draws all comers, irrespective of make and model. Then there are places that buck that trend and eschew every known economic theory. Here are some of the strangest locations and practices for car dealerships.

British Motor Cars, San Francisco

This high-end auto emporium is the antithesis of the auto mall ideal. Compared to rows of autos laid out around some suburban interstate cloverleaf where there’s ample room for customers to park and view the inventory, this establishment is practically hidden. The showroom is located in downtown San Francisco on an extremely busy section of Van Ness Avenue that’s actually collocated with US Route 101. There is no parking to speak of except for metered spots on the streets, and those max out at two hours. If, however, you are serious about buying a vehicle at British Motor Cars, you can most likely afford to have a limousine drop you off. Inside the slate-gray Greek Revival building lies a cornucopia of exotic and expensive rides. The gilt marble interior is the perfect backdrop to sip a house-made espresso while perusing the selection of high-horsepower Italian speed demons, leather trimmed British mobile palaces, and state-of-the-art German sedans.

No, I didn’t just mash my hands against the keyboard accidentally, that’s the real name of a town in Wales and one of its car dealerships. If you’ve ever spent any time in Wales, or maybe heard people speaking Welsh, it will come as no surprise that this delightfully long and seemingly impossible to pronounce word originates in Western Britain. Welsh is an ancient language descended from the Celtic linguistic family, spoken on the British Isles for far longer than English. English derives its name from the Angles, a Germanic people. While less than a quarter of the people in Wales speak it fluently, the language still gives its name to many towns and, thus, business establishments. Thankfully, the salesmen at this location are happy to shorten it to just Llanfairpwllgwyngyll.

Ling’s Cars

Unlike the other auto dealerships on this list, Ling’s is actually primarily a leasing business. Unlike other car dealerships anywhere, Ling’s is just flat out weird. Only here can you get an affordable lease on a quality pre-owned vehicle while also buying a dozen farm fresh eggs. Ling’s has a hen house on the premises and collects and sells the eggs as part of the wacky business. If that’s not enough, the owner has even been known to ride around the premises in a military surplus missile carrier.

4 Driving Tips for Young Drivers on the Road


Driving is a skill that one has to adopt in the best way possible as it involves oneself taking their car on a road full of other vehicles. Improper driving skills would end up in being fatal not just for the driver but also the rest on the road. All countries around the world have strict traffic and road regulations that each and every driver is to abide by. It is made for the driver’s safety and thus to protect them from dangerous results.

While a person enrols himself in a professional driving school, he would learn all the basics of driving and the ways to handle an automobile while on the road. Amongst all drivers, it is noticed that those who are young are the ones who meet with frequent accidents due to several reasons like improper and unpolished driving skills, love for speed, etc. To prevent these accidents, here are a few tips you could consider if you are a young driver and love to hit the road with your car.

• Avoid distractions – It is often noticed that most accidents occur when drivers are distracted while they are behind the wheels. Distractions may include loud music, using mobile phones, texting, changing CDs or music on the music player, etc. Other common distractions are that when there is an involvement of too many people in the car. Too many friends chatting along loudly behind the driver can be a significant distraction.

• Sleep well before driving – If you are tired or haven’t had a sound sleep for a long time, it is better to avoid driving. While you haven’t had a good sleep, it is likely for you to fall asleep while you are driving. Elements like the air conditioner, the continuous breeze on the face; soothing music can allow you to fall asleep and thus causing accidents.

• Don’t drive after alcohol consumption – Young people love to have crazy adventures and thus often plan to drive while they have consumed alcohol. While you are under its influence, it is recommended to not drive. While you do so, you have high chances of losing control of the steering and on the other hand land you with a fine from the law enforcement officers. You could ask a friend who isn’t drunk to drive and thus keeping yourself safe.

• Avoid any other tasks – While you are driving, it is best to only concentrate on what you are doing. Do not eat, drink, apply makeup, shave or do anything else that you may find minor. These small tasks deviate your attention for a lesser time but keeping the eyes and concentration off the road can be fatal especially when you are taking sharp turns on a road.

GM is the Top Automotive Innovator


GM isn’t the only automotive manufacturer out there creating new automotive innovations. But what many people may not know is that GM is the best automotive innovator! According to the U.S. Patent Board General Motors is the number one automotive innovator for the fourth consecutive quarter, out of a total of one hundred and eighty three companies!

In 2011 alone General Motors developed a whopping one thousand one hundred twenty three U.S. patents. The patents were for amazing new products in the fields of global product engineering, global powertrain engineering, global research engineering, and global research and development of OnStar organizations.

“We are in the midst of redefining the automotive DNA, and these efforts are driving our people to reinvent every subsystem on the vehicle” said Alan Taub, GM vice president of Global Research and Development. “Being the recognized leader in innovation is important, because it tells our customers and shareholders that we are working on the leading edge of technology.”

Some of the recent patents that General Motors is really excited about unveiling are quiet brakes, OnStar Voice Recognition, and eAssist thermal management. The quiet brakes use a friction-damped disc brake which can absorb the vibrations of the stopping motion, thereby muting the unpleasant sound often heard when one hits the brakes. General Motors hopes to make this technology available in some of their vehicles within two to three years.

The new OnStar technology will be useful to maximize the cabin space when trying to understand commands from the driver. The OnStar computer program can take commands through voice recognition so that the driver can have their hands on the wheel, and now the voice recognition software will be able to detect a voice from anywhere within the vehicle and adjust the microphone to respond to commands that are specific to the location of the speaker within the vehicle.

General Motors is especially proud of their work on the eAssist thermal management technology. This patent will allow the occupants in a vehicle to experience optimal comfort levels during periods of time in which the engine has shut off and is relying on stored power. The new technology also tells the vehicle not to shut off the engine during extreme heat and extremely cold environments, so that the occupants will not experience the weather discomfort during a drive.

General Motors is proud to be the leading automotive innovator in America. The GM company is excited to have this label applied to the company’s name and legacy , and they are looking forward to bringing more and more excellent new technology to their customers in the future.

Polytetrafluoroethylene – lock picking tools – automotive lockout tools Manufacturer

History PTFE was accidentally invented by Roy Plunkett of Kinetic Chemicals in 1938. While Plunkett was attempting to make a new CFC refrigerant, the perfluorethylene polymerized in its pressurized storage container, with the iron from the inside of the container acting as a catalyst. Kinetic Chemicals patented it in 1941 and registered the Teflon trademark in 1945. By 1950, DuPont had acquired interest in Kinetic Chemicals and was producing over a million pounds (450 tons) of Teflon per year in Parkersburg, West Virginia. In 1954, French engineer Marc Grgoire created the first pan coated with Teflon non-stick resin under the brand name of Tefal after his wife urged him to try the material he had been using on fishing tackle on her cooking pans. In the United States, Kansas City, Missouri resident Marion A. Trozzolo, who had been using the substance on scientific utensils, marketed the first US-made Teflon coated frying pan, “The Happy Pan,” in 1961. An early advanced use was in the Manhattan Project as a material to coat valves and seals in the pipes holding highly reactive uranium hexafluoride in the vast uranium enrichment plant at Oak Ridge, Tennessee, when it was known as K-25. Properties PTFE is often used to coat non-stick frying pans as it is hydrophobic and possesses fairly high heat resistance. PTFE is a white solid at room temperature, with a density of about 2.2 g/cm3. According to DuPont its melting point is 327C (621F), but its properties degrade above 260C (500F). PTFE gains its properties from the aggregate effect of carbon-fluorine bonds, as do all fluorocarbons. The coefficient of friction of plastics is usually measured against polished steel. PTFE’s coefficient of friction is 0.1 or less, which is the second lowest of any known solid material (diamond-like carbon being the first). PTFE’s resistance to van der Waals forces means that it is the only known surface to which a gecko cannot stick. PTFE has excellent dielectric properties. This is especially true at high radio frequencies, making it suitable for use as an insulator in cables and connector assemblies and as a material for printed circuit boards used at microwave frequencies. Combined with its high melting temperature, this makes it the material of choice as a high-performance substitute for the weaker and lower melting point polyethylene that is commonly used in low-cost applications. Its extremely high bulk resistivity makes it an ideal material for fabricating long life electrets, useful devices that are the electrostatic analogues of magnets. Because of its chemical inertness, PTFE cannot be cross-linked like an elastomer. Therefore it has no “memory,” and is subject to creep, also known as “cold flow” and “compression set”. A little bit of creep allows PTFE seals to conform to mating surfaces better than most other plastic seals. Too much creep, however, and the seal can be compromised. Compounding fillers control unwanted creep and improve wear, friction, and other properties. Sometimes metal springs apply continuous force to PTFE seals to give good contact, while permitting some creep. Due to its low friction, it is used for applications where sliding action of parts is needed: plain bearings, gears, slide plates, etc. In these applications it performs significantly better than nylon and acetal; it is comparable to ultra high-molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), although UHMWPE is more resistant to wear than Teflon. For these applications, versions of Teflon with mineral oil or molybdenum disulfide embedded as additional lubricants in its matrix are being manufactured. Property Value Density 2200kg/m3 Melting point 327 C Young’s modulus 0.5 GPa Yield strength 23 MPa Coefficient of friction 0.05-0.10 Dielectric constant =2.1,tan()3.0.CO;2-8. ^ Teflon (PTFE) Thermal Decomposition Products. Fluoride Action Network Pesticide Project. ^ a b Teflon offgas studies

Environmental Working Group ^ Zapp JA, Limperos G, Brinker KC (1955-04-26). “Toxicity of pyrolysis products of ‘Teflon’ tetrafluoroethylene resin”. Proceedings of the American Industrial Hygiene Association Annual Meeting. ^ Can Nonstick Make You Sick? ABC News ^ a b DuPont, Key Questions About Teflon, accessed on 3 December 2007. ^ Dale Blumenthal. “Is That Newfangled Cookware Safe?”. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/CONSUMER/CON00036.html. Retrieved 2006-05-20. ^ http://www.bafu.admin.ch/publikationen/publikation/01066/index.html?lang=en&downloadshop=NHzLpZig7t,lnp6I0NTU042l2Z6ln1ad1IZn4Z2qZpnO2Yuq2Z6gpJCDdIN,f2ym162dpYbUzd,Gpd6emK2Oz9aGodetmqaN19XI2IdvoaCVZ,s-.pdf, pages 4041 ^ Sandy, Martha. “Petition for Expedited CIC Consideration of Perfluorooctanic Acid (PFOA)”. The State of California, Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, Cancer Toxicology and Epidemiology Section, Reproductive and Cancer Hazard Assessment Branch. http://www.oehha.ca.gov/Prop65/public_meetings/pdf/PFOACIC%20Slides121206.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-27. ^ Lau C, Anitole K, Hodes C, Lai D, Pfahles-Hutchens A, Seed J (October 2007). “Perfluoroalkyl acids: a review of monitoring and toxicological findings”. Toxicol. Sci. 99 (2): 36694. doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfm128. PMID 17519394. http://toxsci.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/99/2/366.pdf. ^ a b c “PFOA in Norway TA-2354/2007”. Norwegian Pollution Control Authority. 2007. p. 18. http://www.sft.no/publikasjoner/2354/ta2354.pdf. Retrieved 29 August 2009. ^ a b c Guo Z, Liu X, Krebs KA (March 2009). “Perfluorocarboxylic Acid Content in 116 Articles of Commerce” (PDF). USEPA. p. 40. http://www.epa.gov/nrmrl/pubs/600r09033/600r09033.pdf. ^ Begley TH, White K, Honigfort P, Twaroski ML, Neches R, Walker RA (October 2005). “Perfluorochemicals: potential sources of and migration from food packaging”. Food Addit. Contam. 22 (10): 102331. doi:10.1080/02652030500183474. PMID 16227186. ^ Powley CR, Michalczyk MJ, Kaiser MA, Buxton LW (September 2005). “Determination of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) extractable from the surface of commercial cookware under simulated cooking conditions by LC/MS/MS”. Analyst 130 (9): 1299302. doi:10.1039/b505377c. PMID 16096677. ^ “Teflon firm faces fresh lawsuit”. BBC News. 19 July 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/4697939.stm. Retrieved 24 January 2009. ^ “About Teflon”. DuPont. http://web.archive.org/web/20080229143203/http://www2.dupont.com/PFOA/en_US/about_teflon/. Retrieved 2010-02-09. ^ Houde M, Martin JW, Letcher RJ, Solomon KR, Muir DC (June 2006). “Biological monitoring of polyfluoroalkyl substances: A review”. Environ. Sci. Technol. 40 (11): 346373. doi:10.1021/es052580b. PMID 16786681. Supporting Information (PDF). ^ Trudel D, Horowitz L, Wormuth M, Scheringer M, Cousins IT, Hungerbhler K (April 2008). “Estimating consumer exposure to PFOS and PFOA”. Risk Anal. 28 (2): 25169. doi:10.1111/j.1539-6924.2008.01017.x. PMID 18419647. ^ “Nonstick pans: Nonstick coating risks”. Consumer Reports. http://www.consumerreports.org/cro/home-garden/kitchen/cookware-bakeware-cutlery/nonstick-pans-6-07/overview/0607_pans_ov_1.htm. Retrieved 4 July 2009. ^ http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/Issues/2005/September/Cooking.asp ^ Ellis DA, Mabury SA, Martin JW, Muir DC (July 2001). “Thermolysis of fluoropolymers as a potential source of halogenated organic acids in the environment”. Nature 412 (6844): 3214. doi:10.1038/35085548. PMID 11460160. ^ Ellis DA, Martin JW, Muir DC, Mabury SA (June 2003). “The use of 19F NMR and mass spectrometry for the elucidation of novel fluorinated acids and atmospheric fluoroacid precursors evolved in the thermolysis of fluoropolymers”. Analyst 128 (6): 75664. doi:10.1039/b212658c. PMID 12866900. ^ Juliet Eilperin (2006-01-26). “Harmful PTFE chemical to be eliminated by 2015”. Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/01/25/AR2006012502041.html. Retrieved 2006-09-10. ^ Michael McCoy (November 2008). “Dyneon Phasing Out Perfluorooctanoate”. Chemical & Engineering News 86 (46): 26. http://pubs.acs.org/isubscribe/journals/cen/86/i46/html/8646busc7.html. ^ “Learn More About DuPont Teflon”. DuPont. http://www2.dupont.com/Teflon/en_US/keyword/pfoa.html?src=search_us_pfoa. Retrieved 16 May 2009. ^ “Failure to Report Chemical Risks Can Result in Major Fines, EPA Office of Civil Enforcement”. Environmental Protection Agency. 2008-08. http://www.epa.gov/compliance/resources/newsletters/civil/enfalert/8e-tsca-0807.pdf. Retrieved 2009-01-19. ^ FEP Detailed Properties Parker-TexLoc, 13 April 2006. Retrieved 10 September 2006. References Ellis, D.A.; Mabury, S.A.; Martin, J.W.; Muir, D.C.G. (2001). “Thermolysis of fluoropolymers as a potential source of halogenated organic acids in the environment”. Nature 412 (6844): 321324. doi:10.1038/35085548. External links EPA: Compound in Teflon may cause cancer , Tom Costello, NBC News, June 29, 2005 DuPont (2005). Teflon News and Information. Retrieved 7 October 2005. Plasma Processes and Adhesive Bonding of Polytetrafluoroethylene vde Health issues of plastics and Polyhalogenated compounds (PHC)’s Plasticizers: Phthalates DIBP DBP BBP (BBzP) DIHP DEHP (DOP) DIDP DINP Other plasticizers Organophosphates Adipates (DEHA DOA) Monomers Bisphenol A (BPA, in Polycarbonates) Vinyl chloride (in PVC) Other additives incl. PHC’s PBDEs PCBs Organotins PFCs Health issues Teratogen Carcinogen Endocrine disruptor Diabetes Obesity Miscellaneous PVC Plastic recycling Plastic bottle Vinyl chloride Dioxins Polystyrene Styrofoam PTFE (Teflon) California Proposition 65 List of environmental health hazards Persistent organic pollutant European REACH regulation Japan Toxic Substances Law Toxic Substances Control Act vde E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company (DuPont) Corporate directors Samuel Bodman Richard H. Brown Robert A. Brown Bertrand P. Collomb Curtis J. Crawford Alexander M. Cutler There du Pont John T. Dillon Marillyn Hewson Lois Juliber Ellen J. Kullman William K. Reilly Products Corian FE-13 Hypalon Kalrez Kapton Kevlar Mylar Neoprene Nomex Nylon Sorona Teflon Tyvek Zodiaq Zytel Subsidiaries and joint ventures Pioneer Hi-Bred Solae DuPont Danisco Divisions and facilities DuPont Building DuPont Central Research DuPont Experimental Station Notable people Eleuthre Irne du Pont Alfred I. du Pont Eugene du Pont Francis Gurney du Pont Francis Irne du Pont Lammot du Pont Pierre S. du Pont Norman Borlaug Donaldson Brown Wallace Carothers Uma Chowdhry Thomas M. Connelly Linda Fisher Richard Goodmanson Charles O. Holliday Steven Ittel Stephanie Kwolek Rudolph Pariser George Parshall Roy J. Plunkett John J. Raskob Irving S. Shapiro Joseph Shivers Richard R. Schrock Howard Ensign Simmons, Jr. Charles Stine Nathaniel C. Wyeth History Hagley Museum and Library Eleutherian Mills E. I du Pont de Nemours Company Hercules Powder Company Atlas Chemical Industries B Reactor (Manhattan Project) Remington Arms Savannah River Site Kinetic Chemicals Conoco Inc. Consolidation Coal Company Annual revenue: $27.3 billion USD (1.3% FY 2004) Employees: 60,000 Stock symbol: Preferred stock: NYSE:DDPRA, NYSE:DDPRB Common stock: NYSE:DD Website: www.dupont.com vde Plastics Polyacrylic acid (PAA) Cross-linked polyethylene (PEX or XLPE) Polyethylene (PE) Polyethylene terephthalate (PET or PETE) Polyphenyl ether (PPE) Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) Polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC) Polylactic acid (PLA) Polypropylene (PP) Polybutylene (PB) Polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) Polyamide (PA) Polyimide (PI) Polycarbonate (PC) Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Polystyrene (PS) Polyurethane (PU) Polyester (PEs) Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) Polyoxymethylene (POM) Polysulfone (PES) Styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN) Ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) Styrene maleic anhydride (SMA) Categories: Fluorocarbons ns


Dry lubricants



Pyrotechnic oxidizers

DuPont products

NASA technology spinoffsHidden categories: Chemboxes which contain changes to watched fields

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Avenues for Automotive Training

Breaking into a field is difficult, especially when it is one that has as much competition as the automotive industry. One of the best ways to get a job is to have a solid combination of education and experience. Many individuals are unsure of the steps you need to take to land a job quickly and easily. Below are a few ideas for getting the automotive training you need to be successful in the field.

Attend an automotive school. Although you will need more than just an education to be successful in your chosen career, school is a good place to start your automotive training. Because many automotive schools offer student resources such as help getting internships and post-graduation job placement services, enrolling in a good school is the equivalent to taking the first step toward a successful career.

Work as an intern. Most automotive schools maintain ongoing working relationships with local automotive shops, garages, and dealerships. These relationships mean that there are many internships available through the school. Internships help you by giving you valuable on-the-job experience before graduation, giving you a better chance of being chosen for a job. Some internships may also give you credit toward your degree.

Work as an apprentice. Apprenticeships are seen less frequently than they were in the early days of our country, but they still exist. An apprenticeship is like an internship, except it is in lieu of a formal education. Someone who cannot afford schooling works for an experienced member of the field, often for very little pay, in exchange for the opportunity to learn more about the field.

Bust tires part-time. Although busting tires, which means taking tires off and putting them on the wheels is considered by some to be a miserable job, it provides very valuable automotive training. Many mechanics started out busting tires for an automotive garage or dealership as they learned the ropes, gradually moving on to more advanced maintenance.

Change oil in a lube shop. Oil and lube shops specialize in changing the oil and filters in a car very quickly, allowing people to get in and out and on with their day. Although working in a lube shop may not offer many advancement opportunities, it allows you to learn your way around a car. When applying for positions at an automotive garage or dealership, you will therefore be able to show that you have had on-the-job automotive training.

Work behind a parts counter. There are many parts stores and parts departments in dealerships, where the do-it-yourselfers buy parts to fix their own cars. While working behind a parts counter does not offer experience working on cars directly, it does allow you to learn a lot about different cars. Additionally, many parts stores offer company automotive training programs that you can apply to future jobs in the industry.

All of these options are accessible to those with little or no automotive experience, allowing even the most novice worker to receive automotive training. The best approach is always to combine a formal education with on-the-job experience, giving you a leg up over your classmates when you all start seeking jobs after graduation.

Different Uses Of Nitrile Gloves

Nitrile gloves does not contain any latex proteins and provide resistance to tears and punctures. These gloves have more puncture resistance in comparison to rubber and can offer enhanced resistance from different kinds of chemicals. They help to save your hands from diseases and infections. They are used in different industries. These gloves are very simple to put on and can be used for different purposes. There are different reasons why these gloves are a great choice for medical or healthcare professionals.

All gloves are latex-free and medical grade. They are sturdy and resist solvents, oils, and greases. These gloves lessen the chances of allergic reactions and irritations. They are soft and flexible and have a comfortable fit. They have a good texture, which aids in dexterity. The gloves are available in different sizes so that anyone and everyone can use them. They come in powdered and powder free variety. These are disposable gloves and are preferred by healthcare industries, which are suitable for industrial and automotive applications.

Many laboratories are now making a switch from latex gloves to the nitrile ones so that it can lessen latex allergy among the workers. The gloves are a great way to contain germs while keeping the doctors protected at all times. Not only the physicians but also paramedics, nurses and the cleaning personnel use them. Even in household duties you will find these nitrile ones to be very beneficial. Bathroom cleaners have dangerous substances especially if it comes in contact with the skin, so just slip on these gloves when you are working. You may cover your hands with these gloves even when you are carrying out your laundry or dishes.

The nitrile gloves can be found in varying thicknesses. Hence, you can pick out your gloves as per your needs. For surgical procedures very thin type of gloves are used. The thickness of the gloves does not influence its sturdiness. Even the thinnest variety is going to be resilient. Due to the high quality and fine fit the gloves never obstruct any sensation or motion. However, some duties need more protection like when you are dealing with hazardous substance. Then the thickest variety of gloves would be required. These gloves lessen the risk of exposure to fluids and dangerous chemicals that penetrate in the bloodstream via the skin causing you considerable damage. Generally, you will find factory workers wearing these gloves for their protection. These gloves are ideal for people who are allergic to latex.

These nitrile gloves offer the most protection if compared with latex and vinyl gloves. Patients, doctors, and workers etc prefer them. They are used in laboratories and industries at a high scale. So, if you have any requirement then you can order these gloves in bulk from a reputed online store. This way you will be able to get the best quality product at a reasonable price sitting at the comforts of your home. Undoubtedly, it is one of the best medical gloves that can be used without fearing any contamination or damage.

The Vehicle Failure

Diagnosis of the first failure can be measured. Application of gauges and instruments in accordance with national standards for car parts and various parameters of the effective measure of fault diagnosis and debugging is an indispensable method. Do not overlook the use of launch x431.Measure the length of use to the meter stick, and the length of the measure, including diameter, gap and displacement measurement to use to micrometer, micrometers, plug, plug ruler, tape measure, etc.; force and gravity measurements to use to measure force meter, and weighing devices, etc.; pressure and vacuum measurement use to gauge and vacuum table, etc.. Automotive measuring instruments also have a variety of measurement units, such as use for the measurement of sound pressure sound pressure level of dB values; for voltage measurement to the underlying value of such use.

For the steering system failure, use the instrument and the front wheel before the beam measured value of the steering wheels and so on before the beam; use the tire pressure gauge tire pressure measurement; point scale the amount available when necessary the rotation of the steering wheel to the exact determine cause of the malfunction. For the engine failure, to measure the cylinder in the engine cylinder after the dissolution of the diameter, measured piston diameter, thickness and open space, etc., to identify the exact cause of the failure to repair the engine; is to repair to re-measurement of the cylinder tube diameter, and in accordance with the requirements of groups, matching the piston and piston rings in order to fix the engine.

Diagnosis of electronic control system failure, even more indispensable measure, such as unstable or power of the lower engine work, the suspected oil pressure is insufficient, we must use the pressure gauge pressure measurement system; suspected electrical control system electronic control problems, necessary to use digital multimeter measuring voltage and resistance; with frequency counter and oscilloscope measurements such as frequency and amplitude. Hence a variety of measurement instruments and scales are maintenance personnel extension of eyes and hands, only to accurately determine the correct measure, while the seat of your pants is just the surface, the measurement method and instrumentation method combining the use of more measurement devices should be more accurate diagnosis.

Can also be sub-test for diagnosis of faults. lexia3 on solving problems is very effect. The so-called sub-checking method is the car mechanics of the motor vehicles on the line, with the system piping and check the nature of the fault line of work, inspections will be in accordance with the system starting from the power source system to the enforcement agencies along the route lookup is also available after to pre-order search, you can find from the middle, depending on the experience of the examiner. If suddenly from the implementing agencies to find a good course, or have to return back to previous search.

For example, and instructions for lighting system failure, the principle should be power on – switch – fuse – Relay – wire – light bulb line, front to back beginning to find that experience can first check the fuse, some people might first check light bulbs, there is people may first check relay, when the front to back or forward, finding out may occur in the middle of the problem may be bad combination switch, there may be broken wire somewhere.

The brake system failure, the principle on the brake pedal should be – vacuum boosters – brake master cylinder – Brake Lines – load sensing valve – brake pipe – wheel brakes in order to be checked. For experience you can from the wheel brake or brake master cylinder started checking, and then check the other part; but difficult for the brake system failure, it should be after the use of measuring instruments used to to check and measure. To find the cause of the malfunction.

The steering drive system failure, the principle on the steering wheel should be – Steering – Steering gear – steering wheel of the order of inspection. For convenience, you can shift gears from somewhere open, easier to determine fault in the steering gear or transmission of the rear part. Use of the existing theoretical knowledge, with the sub-test for orderly conduct of inspection, will eventually find the root causes of failure.

Partial disassembly method can also diagnose faults..Called partial disassembly method, that is, car mechanics Yijing identify a fault in the assembly Mouge After it, a time not Zhunquepanduan which half of the failures occurred, they can in accordance with the assembly of the working principle of the demolition of a local Bufen function check, and then put something in the method. If the method used properly, can immediately determine the site of fault, therefore, be regarded as a simple partial disassembly method of rapid diagnosis of vehicle faults.Partial disassembly method and test method has many similarities, the difference is mainly local demolition method to demolition, dismantling and try again in a diagnostic faults.

For example, a suspected engine cylinder is not working, single-cylinder off oil removal method can be used to check, remove the partial demolition of a high pressure pipe fittings cylinder engine running in both speed and sound change is that the tank is working properly; without reflecting is not working properly.Some of the best major to diagnostic techniques, such as mb star.Lack of engine power when the suspect blocked air filter, you can try removing the air filter core engine, such as the power of the air filter case without recovery, fault here.

Partial disassembly method is actually to work the engine or the electric loss of the original function, while movements in non-normal conditions, it must be careful disassembly, when it comes to security projects to take appropriate safety measures. Better technology has launch x431, lexia3, mb star. All the fault diagnosis methods are complementary, the purpose is to find the car the fault occurred. Flexible use of fault diagnosis, fault can find cars, targeted on the cars and engines maintenance, restoration of normal use function.

Tips On How to Negotiate With Car Dealers

So it’s time for a new car, and instead of using Craigslist or eBay, you’ve chosen to go the old-fashioned route and visit a dealership. Whether you’re buying a new or used vehicle, buying it from a dealership is a great route, as it allows for financing, warranties, and maintenance options. However, buying vehicles from car dealers can end up being more expensive than you want when it really doesn’t have to be. Understanding a few aspects of the purchasing process will be beneficial to all parties involved and will ensure that you get the best deal you can get.

1. Know When to Lease and When to Buy

This decision is one that can save you lots of money and hassle over time. The bottom line is quite simple; if a vehicle is going to appreciate in value, buy it. If it is going to depreciate, lease it. Leasing keeps your monthly payments manageable. If you know your car is only going to go down in value, leasing is the way to go. Leasing also typically comes with some sort of maintenance plan, and it allows you to upgrade your ride every few years. If you’re going to buy a car, you should be sure that it will become more valuable in the future. Otherwise, you will end up losing money on repair costs and other maintenance related issues.

2. Always Negotiate

When you walk into a dealership, you should do so with your bargaining shoes on. Have it in your mind that the price you see on the window is not the price you are actually going to pay. Do some research before you go. Weigh your options. Find out what the vehicle is selling for elsewhere and use that information to your advantage. Come up with a price that you feel comfortable paying and push that. Try your best not to budge. Car dealers are ready and willing to work with you, and together you can find a happy medium.

3. Don’t Expect to Get an Unbelievable Deal

If you are looking for the best possible deal, you are better off searching online for vehicles being sold directly by their owners. Buying from car dealers will almost always be more expensive, but the experience comes with lots of conveniences. First of all, dealerships have wide selections of vehicles that they allow you to test-drive and compare. This helps ensure that you find exactly the vehicle you want. Also, buying from a dealer often comes with maintenance deals that keep your future repair costs, oil changes, and other services cheaper in the long run. Finally, dealerships allow you to finance your vehicle. This option is appealing to people who don’t have a lump sum to shell out for a new ride all at once. You will be hard pressed to find this option in the sell-by-owner market.

The most important thing to do before visiting a dealership is your homework. Being knowledgeable is the best thing you can do to save money and get your negotiations with car dealers rolling.